SCA in Children and Adolescents

SCA is caused by the sudden termination of cardiac activity. The victim show no signs of normal breathing or circulation, he becomes non-responsive. It results in sure death if the victim fails to receive immediate CPR and accurate treatment for restoring normal cardiac activity. Relatively SCA is not common in children and young adults. It is also not the leading cause of death in the young group. With prompt support and treatment, the young victims of SCA are more likely to survive compared to the pre-hospital traumatic cardiac arrest that the adults suffer.

SCA in children and young adults is mostly a precipitated outcome of ventricular fibrillation (VF) or rapid ventricular tachycardia (pulse-less VT). They are abnormal heart rhythms that are either typically inherited, or they are congenital cardiac conditions. They can also be the result of acute medical problems which happen to be responsible for the inflammation of the heart. Vigorous exercises and sports activities can also act as a trigger for these fatal arrhythmias.

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