SCA follows CAD

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the prime risk factor for the occurrence of SCA or sudden cardiac arrest. All those who have been victims of SCA are found to be suffering from some degree of CAD. But unfortunately, until SCA occurs, they do not even come to know that they are suffering from CAD. This is because the CAD is silent and it does not manifest any symptoms.

It is the reason that it has also been found that prior to SCA, the victims has already had a silent heart attack which they haven

Some startling facts about SCA

Each day around 650 patients suffer SCA related deaths. This number is higher than the deaths reported for victims of lung cancer, breast cancer, stroke, AIDS, all combined. Majority of the deaths related to cardio-vascular diseases are natural outcomes of the SCA and still most of the SCA deaths are found to go unreported.

Ninety five percent of the SCA victims collapse for not receiving medical attention in time. The present survival statistics reveal only 5 % positive results when defibrillation I delivered within the first 5 minutes. But if the treatment is made available within 4 to 6 minutes, the survival rate can be as high as 95 percent. Every minute delay initiates brain and permanent damage.

According to the data of the American Heart Association, 120,000 women fall victims to SCA. Chances for recovery for women are much less compared to that of men. SCA related deaths of women in the age bracket of 35 to 44 have increased in the past few years. But, not so in the case of men. According to a report in the New England Journal of Medicine, the African-Americans are more prone to SCA and also have one percent less chances of survival in comparison to the Caucasians.

The SCA victims do not have usually have any prior knowledge of their risks. Due to lack of awareness, they fail to recognize warning signs even if they have been present. More than two-thirds of the SCA deaths are found to transpire without any previous indication of heart disease.

Just anyone ca be a victim of SCA. They can be healthy infants, the fit and trim high school athletes and the active population in their 30s and 40s without any sign of a possible heart ailment.

Awareness programs must be seriously undertaken. Some cost-effective screening tool must be devised to ascertain the genetic conditions that can cause SCA. Information regarding the survival strategies can be obtained at

SCA in Children and Adolescents

SCA is caused by the sudden termination of cardiac activity. The victim show no signs of normal breathing or circulation, he becomes non-responsive. It results in sure death if the victim fails to receive immediate CPR and accurate treatment for restoring normal cardiac activity. Relatively SCA is not common in children and young adults. It is also not the leading cause of death in the young group. With prompt support and treatment, the young victims of SCA are more likely to survive compared to the pre-hospital traumatic cardiac arrest that the adults suffer.

SCA in children and young adults is mostly a precipitated outcome of ventricular fibrillation (VF) or rapid ventricular tachycardia (pulse-less VT). They are abnormal heart rhythms that are either typically inherited, or they are congenital cardiac conditions. They can also be the result of acute medical problems which happen to be responsible for the inflammation of the heart. Vigorous exercises and sports activities can also act as a trigger for these fatal arrhythmias.

There is something called the

SCA and Heart attack

It is a common misconception that sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) and heart attack are synonymous. Well, they are not. Roughly said, heart attack is a

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA)

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is characteristically different from